Dark spots, age spots, sun spots – what IS pigmentation?
Pigmentation means coloring. Skin pigmentation disorders affect the color of your skin. Your skin gets its color from a pigment called melanin. Special cells in the skin make melanin. When these cells become damaged or unhealthy, it affects melanin production.
Some types of pigmentation, like those caused by acne, can eventually lighten up over time (keep in mind this doesn’t happen overnight, but can take a few months, if not longer before you see a difference). But, the majority of discoloration needs to be treated with high-powered active ingredients and in-office treatments to fully eradicate spots on the surface. Not sure what to get done to banish your spots once and for all? We’ve got the answers here.
If You Have Minimal Darkness, Try Microdermabrasion
During microdermabrasion, the uppermost layer of skin is gently removed to get rid of sunspots, darkness and other types of superficial and minimal discoloration. Most often it will have to be combined with a light peel. There are some versions of microdermabrasion, that offer a secondary step where specialized anti-pigment ingredients are infused into the skin to further brighten it.
If You Have More Stubborn Spots, Try a Chemical Peel
Salicylic acid, glycolic acid, Jessner and TCA combination chemical peels are often recommended to banish discoloration. Combination or blended chemical peels are powerful at speeding up results and removing deeper pigment. “Their potency can be manipulated to suit the type and depth of pigment.”
If You Have Discoloration From the Sun, Try Intense Pulsed Light (IPL)
A popular choice for targeting sun-induced discoloration, IPL involves light-based energy pulsed onto the skin while simultaneously targeting blood vessels. The light seeks out the discoloration in the skin to lift it up and out. Expect for the treated areas to turn dark and flake off in a few days. “We sometimes do an IPL treatment following two chemical peel treatments to really clean up the skin. IPL is only be administrated on lighter skin types.